ferrite magnets
Rare earth industry should contribute to China's carbon neutrality
Nov 2,2021.

Since the country proposed to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060, the term "carbon neutrality" has quickly changed from an unfamiliar term to a hot one. In September 2020, China announced that its carbon dioxide emissions will reach a peak before 2030, and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. This year's "Government Work Report" proposes to do a solid job in carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.


Industry insiders pointed out that China’s goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2060 is an opportunity for the rare earth industry, because it will play an important role in increasing the demand for rare earth functional materials, especially the demand for rare earth neodymium iron boron permanent magnets.

rare earth neodymium magnets

Carbon neutrality refers to the anthropogenic removal of carbon dioxide and the offsetting of anthropogenic emissions within a specified period of time. The most fundamental way for China to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 is to transform its energy structure and replace fossil energy such as coal, oil, and natural gas with clean energy such as renewable energy and nuclear energy. At present, the more representative ones are electric vehicles instead of fuel vehicles, wind power generation, etc.


Whether it is new energy vehicles or wind power generation, they are inseparable from the application of rare earth neodymium iron boron permanent magnets. Moreover, the carbon neutral policy will promote the accelerated penetration of rare earth neodymium iron boron permanent magnets. NdFeB permanent magnets have obvious energy-saving advantages and will mainly promote China's goal of carbon neutrality in two aspects:


On the one hand, neodymium iron boron permanent magnet motors have higher energy efficiency, and the increase in permeability will reduce power consumption. On the other hand, neodymium iron boron permanent magnets will help the development of new energy, and more than 40% of wind turbines use rare earth neodymium iron boron permanent magnets, which will help the development of clean energy. At the same time, the drive motors of new energy vehicles mainly use rare earth neodymium iron boron permanent magnets, which will help reduce the use of fossil energy and carbon emissions in the future.


With the increasing global awareness of the fossil energy crisis, the new energy automobile industry has developed rapidly in recent years. Whether it is the rapid growth of emerging auto companies or the active transformation of traditional auto companies, they have conveyed to the outside world the arrival of the electrification era of the auto industry. Governments of various countries have successively issued timetables for the suspension of the sale of fuel vehicles, and China has also proposed to "drive out" fuel vehicles before 2050.


As of the end of 2020, a total of 10 million electric vehicles have been put into use worldwide. In 2020, the number of electric vehicle registrations increased by 41% year-on-year. The sales volume of new energy vehicles in China was approximately 1.367 million, a year-on-year increase of 10.9%, accounting for 5.4% of national vehicle sales. An increase of 0.8%.


According to the "New Energy Vehicle Industry Development Plan (2021-2035)" issued by the State Council, by 2025, China's new energy vehicle sales will reach about 20% of the total sales of new vehicles. And by 2025, a complete electric vehicle power system technology system and industrial chain will be established to provide technical support for achieving 5 million new energy vehicles in 2025.


According to experts, a fully automatic luxury car consumes about 0.5 to 3.5 kg of rare earth neodymium iron boron permanent magnets. According to the demand of 5 million new energy vehicles for rare earth neodymium iron boron permanent magnets, it will drive the development capacity of at least 25,000 tons of rare earth ore. Based on this calculation, 10 million new energy vehicles will drive the development of at least 50,000 tons of rare earth mines, which is equivalent to the current annual output of rare earths in the north.


With the continuous implementation of China's carbon neutral policy, it is believed that the demand for rare earths will increase. As the carrier of the country’s carbon neutral policy, the rare earth industry should act as the main first mover, shoulder a greater mission, and make due contributions to China’s carbon neutrality goal.



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